As the Afghan government prepared for a key national election and security transition at the end of 2014, Michelle traveled to Kabul to study the prospects for sustainability and growth within the Afghan National Police and the Ministry of Interior.  Read her analysis and recommendations here.

Read Michelle's Review of Rachel's Kleinfeld's influential book: "Advancing the Rule of Law Abroad:  Next Generation Reform" and its relation to her own experience.

While deployed to Afghanistan as the Senior Rule of Law Advisor to the NATO Police Development Mission, Michelle and her French Gendarmerie Deputy followed the professional development of a promising young Afghan Police Officer.  This is his story, and the lessons his story provides about policing development in conflict.

Due to her many years as a Senior U.S. Government official, most of Michelle Hughes's published writing remains widely accessible in the public domain.  Examples of her work can be found at the following sites:

Michelle was one of the senior subject matter experts brought into the development of the original, 2007 version of the Rule of Law Handbook for Military Lawyers, published annually by the U.S. Army's Judge Advocate General Center for Law and Military Operations.  Her chapters have been included in every subsequent version of the Handbook since.

The definitive guide for military and civilian leaders across the U.S. Department of Defense.  For more than five years, Michelle led the development of the Handbook for Military Support to Rule of Law and Security Sector Reform, field testing all of the tools, techniques and procedures presented, and putting the draft through a rigorous interagency peer review process involving more than 100 U.S. Government Departments, Agencies, and Bureaus. 

Together with colleagues from the U.S. Agency for International Development, the United Nations, and the American Bar Association, Michelle discuss approaches for more effective international development assistance in Africa. 

The lessons from Michelle's field work in Africa connecting Security Sector Reform and the problem of Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration is presented as a chapter in this National Defense University publication from 2011.

Michelle Hughes

Rule of Law for the Next Generation